Brunei Darussalam country brief
Australia and Brunei Darussalam enjoy a warm and longstanding relationship focused on defence, trade and education links.
Australia has maintained a diplomatic presence in Brunei since it gained its full independence from the United Kingdom in 1984. However, our historical links stretch back to WWII, when in 1945, Australian forces landed at Muara Beach as part of the Allied campaign to end the occupation of Borneo. In June 2005, Brunei's then Foreign Minister, His Royal Highness Prince Mohamed Bolkiah, agreed to an Australian proposal to erect a permanent memorial to mark the 1945 landings.
In February 2020, Foreign Minister Marise Payne visited Brunei Darussalam to hold talks with the Government of Brunei about bilateral and regional issues.
Trade and investment
Australia's has a robust economic and trade relationship with Brunei Darussalam. We are both parties to the ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement, to the concluded Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement negotiations, and ongoing Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership negotiations.
Defence and security links
Australia has long-standing defence and security links with Brunei. We engage with Brunei through strategic dialogue and training, bilateral military exercises, and cooperation through ASEAN frameworks.
Australia and Brunei cooperate closely on security threats facing the region and there are close links between Australian and Bruneian police, security, counter-terrorism and immigration authorities.
In 2005, Australia and Brunei signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation to Combat International Terrorism, providing for cooperation on customs, finance, immigration, intelligence, law enforcement, security and transport.
People to people links
Australia has a strong education relationship with Brunei. Around 12,000 Bruneian students have studied in Australia, making it the second most popular destination for Bruneian students, behind the United Kingdom. There are around 450 Bruneian students studying in Australia at any one time. Brunei also participates in the New Colombo Plan as a host country.