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Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement

Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement

On 6 August 2020, Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment Simon Birmingham and Singapore’s Minister for Trade and Industry Chan Chun Sing digitally signed the Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement (DEA). This follows the official conclusion of negotiations by Prime Ministers Scott Morrison and Lee Hsien Loong on 23 March 2020.

Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment Simon Birmingham digitally signing the Memorandum of Understanding on Data Innovation between Australia and Singapore during the announcement of conclusion of negotiations for the Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement on 23 March 2020. Photo credit: Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

The DEA breaks new ground. It sets new global benchmarks for trade rules, and a range of practical cooperation initiatives, to reduce barriers to digital trade and build an environment in which Australian businesses and consumers are able to participate and benefit from digital trade and the digitalisation of the economy.

The DEA will upgrade the digital trade arrangements between Australia and Singapore under the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement on the Trans-Pacific Partnership and the Singapore-Australia Free Trade Agreement – which are already among some of the most ambitious globally. For example, it: delivers more robust rules that ensure businesses, including in the financial sector, can transfer data across borders and will not be required to build or use data storage centres in either jurisdiction; improves protections for source code; establishes new commitments on compatible e-invoicing and e-payment frameworks; and delivers new benchmarks for improving safety and consumer experiences online.

The DEA also delivers a range of new trade rules, and a comprehensive framework for bilateral cooperation, to help businesses and consumers capitalise on the digital economy. Australia and Singapore have negotiated cutting-edge new rules, and signed a series of MoUs on areas including data innovation, artificial intelligence, e‑invoicing, e-certification for agricultural exports and imports, trade facilitation, personal data protection, and digital identity.

A fact sheet and summary of the key outcomes of the DEA, and the signed MoUs are available on the DFAT website. The DEA delivers in a number of areas identified as a priority in submissions to both the public consultations process that informed the DEA negotiations and in response to the Future of Digital Trade Rules discussion paper.

Singapore is Australia's largest trade and investment partner in ASEAN. As two vibrant and open economies, we share a vision for improved economic integration between our countries. Australia and Singapore are leading the way in the digital economy and we are eager to continue to work with Singapore to maximise ambition in areas of common interest.

Agreement of the scope of the DEA was announced on 13 October 2019 by the Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment, Simon Birmingham, and Singapore’s Minister for Trade and Industry, Chan Chun Sing. Prior to this, a comprehensive scoping study was undertaken by Australian and Singaporean officials at the request of Prime Ministers Scott Morrison and Lee Hsien Loong. Negotiating rounds were held from 18-19 February 2020 and 4-6 December 2019.

Cooperation on digital standards

Cooperation under the DEA also includes closer cooperation to support the harmonisation of key standards to support digital trade. This work has already begun with a jointly commissioned study to identify priority opportunities for increased digital standardisation, published in October 2020.

This study recommends ten areas of mutual benefit where Australia and Singapore can work on specific projects and programmes and align on international standards: artificial intelligence, distributed ledger technology, smart cities, digital identities, e-payments, e-invoicing, Internet of Things, data protection and privacy, cross-border data and data portability.

The full text of the study is now available here:

Australia-Singapore Digital Trade Standards Research Report

Australia-Singapore Digital Trade Standards presentation [PDF 1.3 MB]

This study was commissioned to provide findings and recommendation to the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and to the Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry. These findings and recommendations reflect the views of the commissioned authors and do not represent a statement of Australian Government policy.

Next steps and treaty text

The DEA will now undergo Australian treaty-making processes, including tabling in Parliament and consideration by the Joint Standing Committee on Treaties prior to ratification.

The full text of the DEA is now available here:

Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement – full text [DOCX 104 KB]

Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement – signed [PDF 633 KB]

Once the DEA enters into force, it will amend the Singapore-Australia Free Trade Agreement to replace the existing Electronic Commerce chapter with a new Digital Economy chapter, along with other amendments.

We want to hear from you

If you have any questions, please contact the DFAT Digital Trade team at: digitaltrade@dfat.gov.au

Resources

MOUs signed in connection with the Australia-Singapore Digital Economy Agreement

MoU on Data Innovation

The Australian Government and the Government of the Republic of Singapore will cooperate on joint projects using combined cross-border datasets to produce new insights, demonstrating the value of sharing trusted, anonymised data across borders.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Data Innovation [PDF]

MoU on Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence

The Australian Government and the Government of the Republic of Singapore will cooperate on Artificial Intelligence (AI) capabilities, including new AI technologies, talent development and ethical standards to support the positive commercial application of AI in the digital economy.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence [PDF]

MoU on Trade Facilitation

The Australian Border Force, the Infocomm Media Development Authority and Singapore Customs will establish a cooperative relationship to develop compatible paperless trading systems for goods traded between Australia and Singapore.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Trade Facilitation [PDF]

MoU on Cooperation for Electronic Invoicing

The Australian Taxation Office and the Infocomm Media Development Authority of Singapore will cooperate to expand e-invoicing interoperability in the region, based on the Peppol international framework. This MoU will make it easier for Australian small business to send and receive invoices between Australian and Singaporean businesses and with other businesses in the region.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Cooperation for Electronic Invoicing [PDF]

MoU on Electronic Certification Cooperation

The Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment and the Singapore Food Agency and National Parks Board of Singapore will cooperate on electronic certification of agricultural goods trade, a significant Australian export to and through Singapore.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Electronic Certification Cooperation [PDF]

MoU on Cooperation in Personal Data Protection

The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner and the Personal Data Protection Commission of Singapore share a common mission to protect personal information and uphold individuals’ privacy rights as data flows across borders. This MoU sets out the intentions of both organisations to cooperate through sharing experience, expertise, intelligence and information on best practice in relation to the protection of personal information.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Cooperation in Personal Data Protection [PDF]

MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Digital Identity

The Digital Transformation Agency and the Smart Nation and Digital Government Office will cooperate to develop policy frameworks to support mutual recognition of digital identity systems, which can support more efficient government interactions by businesses operating across borders.

Australia-Singapore MoU on Cooperation in the Field of Digital Identity [PDF]

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